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  Life of the Buddha
Name : Prince Siddhattha Gotama
(Siddhatta means ‘wish fulfilled’ The family name is Gotama)

Before Conception At Tusita Heaven  
Surveyed the world before deciding on:  
    1. Mother 2. Society 3. Place 4. Time
Year born 623 B.C.
Place Lumbini Park at Kapilavatthu (On the Indian borders of present Nepal)
Father King Suddhodana of the aristocratic Sakya Clan
Mother Queen Maha Maya
Adopted by
Maha Pajapati Gotami (The Queen younger sister, who married the King)
King’s Tutor Asita - smiled at first then became sad - Predicted that the prince will be a Buddha
Married Age Sixteen
Son Rahula (Means Fetter)
Renunciation Age Twenty-nine
1st Teacher Alara Kalama - Realm of Nothingness (Akincannayatana)

2nd Teacher

Uddaka Ramaputta - Realm of neither Perception nor Non-Perception
(N’eva sanna N’asannayatana)
Enlightenment Age Thirty-Five (From hereon known as Sakyamuni Buddha or Gotama Buddha)
Invitation Brahma Sahampati
Parinibbana Age Eighty (543 B.C.)
The Dawn Of Truth
 

1. The Reminiscence Of Past Births (Pubbe-nivasanussati Nana)
2. The Perception of the Disappearing and Reappearing of Beings (Cutupapata)
3. The Comprehension of the Cessation of Corruptions (Asavakkhaya Nana)



Delivered am I
 
Rebirth is ended
Fulfilled the Holy Life
Done what was to be done
There is no more of this state again.

One of the First Utterances of the Buddha

 
 

Anekajati samsaram sandhavissama anibbisam
Gahakarakam gavesanto dukkha jati punappunam
Gahakaraka dittho’ si puna geham na kahasi
Sahha to phasuka bhagga gahakutam visamkitam
Visamkharagatam cittam tanhanamkhayam ajjhaga

 
 

Through many a birth in existence wandered I,
Seeking, but not finding, the builder of this house.
Sorrowful is repeated birth.
O housebuilder (Craving), thou art seen.
Thou shalt build no house (Body) again.
All thy rafters (Passions) are broken.
Thy ridge-pole (Ignorance) is shattered.
Mind Attains the Unconditioned.
Achieved is the End of Craving.

Conversation with Upaka
 
 

The Buddha was travelling on the highway,
when between Gaya and the Bodhi tree,
beneath whose shade He attained Enlightenment,

a wandering ascetic named Upaka saw Him and addressed Him thus :

Extremely clear are your senses, friend!
Pure and clean is your complexion.
On account of whom has your renunciation been made, friend?
Who is your teacher?
Whose doctrine do you profess?’

The Buddha replied to Upaka :

All have I overcome, all do I know.
From all am I detached, all have I renounced.
Wholly absorbed am I in the destruction of craving (Arahantship)
No teacher have I. An equal to me there is not.
In the world including gods there is no rival to me.
Indeed an Arahant am I in this world.
An unsurpassed teacher am I;
Alone am I the All-Enlightened.
Cool and appeased am I.
To establish the wheel of Dhamma to the city of Kasi I go.

In this blind world I shall beat the drum of Deathlessness

 
 
Majjhima Nikaya, Ariyapariyesana Sutta, N.26
 
Who Is the Buddha?
 

Once a certain Brahmin named Dona,
noticing the characteristic marks of the footprint of the Buddha,
approached Him and questioned Him :

‘Your Reverence will be a Deva ?’
‘No, indeed, Brahmin, a Deva am I not,’ replied the Buddha.
‘Then Your Reverence will be a Gandhabba ?’
‘No, indeed, Brahmin, a Gandhabba am I not.’
‘A Yakkha then ?’
‘No, indeed, Brahmin, not a Yakka.’
“Then Your Reverence will be a human being ?’
‘No, indeed, Brahmin, a human being am I not.’
“Who, then, pray, will Your Reverence be ?’

The Buddha replied that He had destroyed Defilements
which condition rebirth as a Deva,
Gandhabba, Yakka, or a human being and added :

Three Baskets (Tripitaka)



Discipline
(Vinaya Pitaka)

1. Major Offences (Parajika Pali)
2. Minor Offences (Pacittiya Pali)
3. Greater Section (Mahavagga Pali)
4. Lesser Section (Cullavagga Pali)
5. Epitome of the Vinaya (Parivara Pali)


Ultimate Doctrine
(Abhidhamma Pitaka)

1. Classification of Dhamma (Dhammasangani)
2. Divisions (Vibhanga)
3. Discourse of Elements (Dhatukatha)
4. The Book on Individuals (Puggala Pannatti)
5. Points of Controversy (Kathavatthu)
6. The Book of Pairs (Yamaka)
7. The Book of Causal Relations (Patthana)

Discourse
(Sutta Pitaka)
1. Long Discourses (Digha Nikaya)
2. Middle-length Discourses (Majjhima Nikaya)
3. Kindred Sayings (Samyutta Nikaya)
4. Gradual Sayings (Anguttara Nikaya)
5. Smaller Collection (Kuddaka Nikaya)
1. Shorter Texts (Khuddaka Patha)
2. The Way of Truth (Dhammapada)
3. Paeans of Joy (Udana)
4. “Thus said” Discourse (Itivuttaka)
5. Collected Discourse (Sutta Nipata)
6. Stories of Celestial Mansions (Vimana Vatthu)
7. Stories of Petas (Peta Vatthu)
8. Psalms of the Brethren (Theragatha)
9. Psalms of the Sisters (Therigatha)
10. Births Stories of the Bodhisatta (Jataka)
11. Expositions (Niddesa)
12. Book of Analytical Knowledge (Pastisambhida)
13. Lives of Arahants (Apadana)
14. History of the Buddha (Buddhavamsa)
15. Modes of Conduct (Cariya Pitaka)
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